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Overclocking

Posted by dogman1234 on January 20, 2011

There are many ways to increase your computers performance. One of them is adding more components, changing to new components, or overclocking. Overclocking, by definition, is the process of increasing ones processor clock generator to achieve a higher cycle rating for faster processing. Basically, make your CPU run faster. The basic understanding of overclocking is the essential increase of information travel to get  the Input/Output system to move along. Example: If traffic is moving 25 mile per hour through a tunnel, how much traffic could you get through a two-way? Not much. Now, if one increases the speed, the traffic density will decrease and traffic will increase THROUGH the tunnel. That is the idea of overclocking. Overclocking takes the information and speeds it up to get more out than let is rest inside the CPU. How does one go to overclocking a CPU? Well, it is not that hard. let us take a look at what can be done to increase your CPU speed. First, the understanding of where, what and how:

Where: To overclock, may reside to the BIOS,( or Basic input/Output System). An alternative to BIOS is UEFI,9 or Unified Extensible Firmware Interface. This is just a graphic version of BIOS). the BIOS will allow you to change features of the computer and its parts so that better communication is achieved. Altering the features will alter the systems behavior, either good or bad. That is why overclocking is somewhat controversial.

What: What is needed to overclock. Well, a computer,( no, duh). The most needed is the hardware, and firmware,( BIOS). There are things to watch out for in the Processor section of the BIOS.

Base Clock Frequency, Core Voltage, Voltage, Temperature, Multiplier, speed. Let us start with Base Clock. BLKfreq, or base frequency, is the standard frequency of operation.Some may call it the Front Side Bus, others the Quick-Path Interconnect.  These are not it. it is actually the Multiplier. It is what allows a specific frequency to be achieved for the CPU. Here is where Frequency comes in place. It is timed at the Megahertz level. Some CPU’s come standard with a 133 Front Side Bus frequency. To manage a stable CPU, electricity must flow through the semiconductor. Vcore, or voltage, is applied to the CPU to make the clock speed become more stable and the unit will not be disoriented.

How: Here is where the fun begins. Start by entering your BIOS, go to the CPU configuration center. Now look at what you have as a stable unit right now. Adjust the FSB from 133 to 140 MHz. Increase voltage by .0125v. Reset the computer. Now, enter the BIOS again and increase FSB form 140 to 150 MHz. increase voltage by .0125v each time. If you chose to increase the Multiplier as well, you must increase the FSB by 5 MHz along with +x1 multi PLUS an increase of .0250V.

That is the idea. There are good tutorials to specific CPU’s tailored to the enthusiasts mind. Go to the listed sites to your right and search. thank You, and have a great day…and a happy overclocking as well.

Dogman_1234

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Operating System

Posted by dogman1234 on January 18, 2011

The one thing that drives your computer is your hardware. The things that is your driver is your operating system. The OS is a program that is made up of things called kernels, or bits of information to run or command operations. Without your OS, the computer is just a graphic-less, binary floating, clock generator. The OS is essential to allow the program and hardware to communicate with each other. They cannot do this alone, so the OS takes place and commands the data where to go. There are currently two modes of the OS: 32 bit instructions, and 64 bit instructions. 32 bit is low power operations. It is usually for the computers that do document processing and basic programing. 64 bit operations  is for computers that requires more information to be stored , channeled and processed. This is for heavy processing and rendering of software and programs. With 32 bit, one only requires 3.5 Gigabytes worth or RAM. 64 bits requires up to 196 Gigabytes worth of RAM. Only if more RAM is essential to your computer experience does one need 64 bit operations. When an operation has been chosen, sometimes the OS comes in suites. Currently, Windows 7 has three known consumer suites:Premium, Professional, and Ultimate. Premium is the basic package with few features embedded into the software. Professional has more to offer for those in the workforce needed for document processing and presentation. Ultimate has the whole software loaded with High Definition, full security features, and better instructions to operate for intensive programs. Choosing the right OS, is not hard. Using it will be easy and as long as your computer is up-to-date, the Hardware and Software should communicate with each other,.

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The Hd And Cd/Dvd Roms

Posted by driveout on January 17, 2011

In this post I will cover two parts as the basics about them are very brief so theres no need to go in depth. Its like killing two birds with one stone lol. Anyway lets proceed, I will cover the Hard Drives first.  There are a few different speeds of hard drives 5400 rpm, 7200 rpm, 10000 rpm, and 15000 rpm. The normal HDD run at 5400-7200 rpms if anything go with 7200 as its faster. As for laptops alot of them still use 5400 rpm HDs. The most used one for basic use computers is 7200 rpms. Keep in mind there are other speeds as well but these in my opinion are the most used. The other Hard drives are SCSI which run from 10000-15000 rpms, yes they are quick but also expensive, louder and they are mostly used for servers. Lastly there is also the new Solid state drives which have no moving internal parts. On those you just look at the transfer speed as it does not have any rpms. That said the price is a little on the heavy side. Moving on theres two forms of Hard drives one is IDE and the other SATA. Difference is SATA has higher rpms meaning higher transfer speed. IDE are the older drives, either way the cable for IDE is bigger as for SATA its nice and small.

Thats enough for the speeds and types i dont want to overwhelm you with information all at once. I keep forgetting its a beginners guide, but one more thing to remember is how much space do i need ? Well thats a choice you have to make I would say for basic use any where from 120gb to 200gb should be more than enough. For hard core users 200gb and up for sure.  Alright I am almost done, last thing to cover is the Cd/dvd roms.

There are many to choose from, such as reader only, writer only or both reader/writer. That goes for all CD, DVD and Blu Ray Roms. Which ever one you choose is up to you but its better to get reader/writer combo. Like with anything there are different speeds you can get, a few examples are 6x, 8x ,12x usually the faster the better. This concludes our last post of the Beginners Guide i hope everyone has enjoyed this and have learned something.

Stay tuned as there will be a Guide coming out on how to assemble a computer which includes a video tutorial 🙂 

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The Cooling System

Posted by driveout on January 10, 2011

Now that you have your case and all the parts picked out last step is the cooling. There are two ways you can go about this. First of the basic fan cooling system which is made up of fans or the more expensive liquid cooling system which uses a radiator, coolant, hoses, metal blocks, pump and a few fans. In case your wondering the liquid cooling is almost silent while the fan cooled system is louder. I will keep this basic and get straight to the point, when using fans to cool the computer make sure you got a good air flow going. This means you want a fan up front which is intake and a fan on the back which is exhaust that way it creates a good vacuum and the air follows the path. Now if your case has a fan on the side set that one to be intake and if it has another fan on top of the case make sure thats set to exhaust. This creates a good airflow so the air comes in from the front and side and goes out the back and top which creates a good path, instead of the air being all messed up inside the case. This also allows for the hot air to be moved out of the case while cool air comes in from the front. As this is a beginners guide i dont want to go to much in depth but make sure you buy good fans as they will last you longer and be a lot quieter then if you buy a fan for 8 bucks. Good quality fans will keep your system cool and quiet now if you need silent then you want liquid cooling.

How the liquid cooling works is you got the metal/copper blocks on the cpu, gpu, each block has 2 hoses one going in and one going out. That way the hose going out will go into the gpu and the second hose from the gpu block will go into the pump. Now the hose from the pump will go to the radiator where the liquid is cooled and on the radiator theres 1 or 2 fans to cool it, then from there it goes back to the cpu and circulates around through the whole system. Thats the most basic way to explain it but in reality theres more to it. What you should know is liquid cooling is not necessary unless you have top of the line products and are overclocking the parts past their limit. Now remember with the liquid cooling you also have to buy the coolant.

lastly, in the next post i will discuss the hard drives and cd/dvd roms.

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Picking A Case

Posted by driveout on December 29, 2010

To start off there is not much to talk about but il mention a couple things that are good to know when buying a Case. Once you got all your parts picked out its time to decide whether Full tower, Mid tower or Micro is the right case for you.  For instance if your packing alot of graphic cards, lots of ram, any pci cards or a lot of hard drives you definitely want a Full tower case. The reason is you dont want everything to be cramped in and hard to work with, another reason is cooling. The more space you got the farther apart the parts are and they wont heat up as much. The downside is a Full Tower case cost money the cheapest one i can think of is 200 bucks and its an okay one. Now This goes for all cases take a good look at it and see if it has all the features you would like, such as the support for liquid cooling, easy hd slots that clip in, enough usb’s on the front case panel. Little things like that matter once you get everything put together. Reason is after you have your pc for a couple days you start to realize oh it be nice if the case had this or that but then its to late. So guys think twice before purchasing a case.

Hey maybe you dont need a Full Tower case a Mid one will suit you fine. Actually Mid Tower is probably what most people use as it has enough space for everything to fit in. Also these are priced relatively good so you dont have to worry bout spending a ton of money. But that doesnt mean that they are cheap as if you want one that looks cool and has lots of features it can still cost you a good amount. Any way some cases come with fans which is a bonus because cooling is a top priority. Always take a look and see if you can get a case with good fans, that way you dont have to spend 15 to 30 dollars for aftermarket ones. Yes there are fans that you can get for 8 bucks but they make a great amount of noise which will irritate you.

Lastly we have the micro cases and i havent had any experience with them but if you dont have alot of room consider the micro case. These are good for running servers and using it to watch movies and burn cd/dvds. If your into gaming or regular use you might want to keep by the mid and full tower cases as the micro does not provide enough room inside. But if you need a mini pc in the living room this is the way to go.

In order to have good cooling get a case that has fans up front, side, back, and top thats my last advice to you as this will lead us into the Cooling System which will be the next post.

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The Source Of Power

Posted by driveout on December 29, 2010

We are halfway through the Guide and guys hang on tight as the end is nearing soon. From this point on it should be pretty easy to understand the rest so dont make things more complicated then they are.

Moving on the Power Supply; Just as important as any other component the PSU is a vital part to the whole computer. A lot of people make the mistake of buying the best parts they can afford for their pc and at the end they dont have enough money to purchase a good PSU. Whats wrong with that is if you get a cheap PSU and it goes off, it can burn up the internals of the PC. Guess what, after that happens you going to have to replace the Mobo, Graphic card or who knows what else. Thats your warning right there dont go out and buy a cheap PSU for a $800 dollar computer. Like said many people under estimate or dont know and buy a cheap Power Supply in order to save money well do not do that guys.

When your buying a Power Supply unit you want to look at the graphic card and the cpu that you have in order to get a good estimate of how much power your going to need. Before I forget you also might want to include any optical drives. fans, hard drives ect if you want to be more precise about how much watts your going to need. Heres a neat little Calculator http://www.journeysystems.com/power_supply/, notice that not all Cpu’s are there but just to get a rough idea select a quad or dual core depending on which Processor you have.

Always look ahead, dont buy a small Power supply if in the future your going to have two or more graphic cards, why spend twice the amount of money when you can do it once but right. Make sure you check what brands are good and I personally like Corsair and Ultra. Ultra if your on a budget.

If you really want to get into it I found a great site that explains it in detail. Enjoy http://www.techsupportforum.com/hardware-support/ram-power-supply-support/192217-power-supply-information-selection.html.

Heres one more site that goes over a few useful things, http://www.devhardware.com/forums/power-supply-units-98/how-to-choose-a-power-supply-94217.html The guy lists Ultra in the crappy category which they are not, they are okay as some of them have a lifetime warranty so you cant go wrong with that. Either way check out and read reviews for your self, but in the end make sure you get a good PSU. I can not stress that enough. That concludes our PSU discussion and i hope you guys are learning new stuff as we go.

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Choosing A Motherboard

Posted by driveout on December 26, 2010

Alright, Motherboard which one is the right one for you?  To start when choosing a Mobo check all the slots and connections it offers for your needs. If the Mobo does not have a slot for two graphic cards and in the future your going to want another graphic card then obviously the Mobo is not the right one. In all honesty pick a good brand such as Gigabyte, Asus, Msi, ect.. and pick the one that best fits you.

Few examples would be if I need alot of usb connections take a look at the Mobo and see if it has 6 to 8 usb ports on the back because their going to get used up the most. Another one is am I ever going to Sli or Crossfire my graphic cards if so you want a Motherboard that has two slots or more for pci express 2.0. This goes for other slots as well such as am I going to use a sound card, if so then you need pci or pci express 1.0 slots. Are you guys seeing the pattern, basically choose all the main components first and lastly look at the Mobo and choose the one that supports all the parts and needs.

Heres a few things to keep in mind

Double check to see if the Mobo supports your Rams speed

If your going to have 2 or more graphic cards take a look at the speeds the Cards work when they are bridged together, as some Mobos work like this if your using 1 Gpu it runs at 16x but if you have 2 Gpus they run at 8x.

Dont forget to check if your Mobo supports your Cpu

Another couple things to look at is some Motherboards already come with built in Graphic cards, Usually those models will have a G on them and lastly look at the Northbridge and Southbridge Chipsets and read about them to find out what features they offer. If the chipset is Amd you probably want to stick with Ati graphic cards like mentioned before and if its an Nvidia then you probably want to combine it with Intel and Nvidia Graphic Card.

Thats all there is to Motherboards here are a few more articles if your interested.

http://www.build-your-own-computers.com/how-to-choose-a-motherboard.html

http://en.kioskea.net/faq/1876-choosing-the-right-motherboard

http://ixbtlabs.com/articles2/mboardselect/ This one seems interesting might have to read it myself.

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Memory Sticks

Posted by driveout on December 24, 2010

Moving on I will hit this subject lightly as I have found a good article about it. You may ask how much Memory do I need?  Again that depends what you do on your PC.  Typically 2gb will be okay for Users that dont run a lot of applications at one time. The standard for most people is 4gb because it gives a perfect balance from doing small stuff to running 5 or more programs at one time. Not only that but 4gb is good enough for gaming as well. So why do People need more then 4gb? Easy for doing many things at once,  the 8gb of Ram or more is for heavy multi taskers it allows for running many softwares that eat up the Memory. Few examples would be running Photoshop, Auto Cad, Video/Audio editing programs. Another thing to remember is that Windows 32bit the most it can see is 3.25gb of Ram, if you want 4gb or more you need the 64bit version. Now about the speed of Memory I will not get into it to much. Like anything else the higher the mhz the faster its going to work. One thing you need to keep in mind is make sure your Motherboard supports the speed of Ram. Thats my brief explanation now if you would like more info about it heres the article  http://lifehacker.com/5415355/do-you-really-need-more-than-4gb-of-ram its simple and easy to understand one thing it does not talk about is the speed of ram and the cas latency but i will get into it later on. Next in line is the Motherboard.

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The Stunning Graphics

Posted by driveout on December 24, 2010

In this post I will explain the Gpu in simplest terms. As mentioned before about the Cpu’s there are also two main brands or should I say companies that make Graphic Cards. The two are Ati and Nvidia and same as before its mostly personal preference which one you choose. The price is not a very big variable that limits you to which one you should choose as the prices are pretty much head on with each other. Another thing you might want to consider is Intel and Nvidia work with each other flawlessly same as Amd and Ati. This means that you do not want to cross breed them, for the most part you want to keep Intel and Nvidia together and Amd and Ati together. This is just the basic rule to avoid any hardware conflicts but believe me now days its mostly okay to mix Intel with Ati and Amd with Nvidia. Then again though you might encounter some problems if you do mix them up.

Continuing on you also want to decide whether one card is enough for you or do you need the extra boost of one more card. This brings us to Sli vs Crossfire comparison. Sli is the Nvidia’s way of having 2 or more Nvidia graphic cards run together, while Crossfire is Ati’s method of doing the same thing but with Ati Graphic cards. Supposedly Sli scales better then Crossfire which makes Sli the better choice for hard core gamers. More info about multiple Gpu’s can be found at http://www.tomshardware.com/forum/245454-33-crossfire-faqs.

Considering that most people use their computer for basic use such as internet surfing, playing movies and older games; those kind of tasks do not require a high end Graphic card. But on the other side if your a gamer and want to play the newest games that come out be prepared to spend some money for a good  Gpu. Games use the Gpu’s processor and memory so the better it is the better performance you’ll get, that said dont leave out the Cpu as the Cpu still affects the performance. To understand this when you play a game most of the load is on your Graphic card while some is on your Cpu. Therefore both of the parts need to be fairly good to have a smooth game play.

Hey, Not only gamers need the best graphics but if your into video editing or working with photoshop or anything similar a high end Card will be necessary. I will stop here because I dont want to go to much into detail not to confuse you guys. Next up is the Memory.

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The Right Cpu For You

Posted by driveout on December 24, 2010

In this post I will discuss the Cpu’s like i promised. To begin with there are two brands you can choose from either Intel or Amd. People will tell you that Intel is better than Amd or the other way around but it all comes down to personal preference as both brands are great. It all depends on what your going to use it for as in some applications Intel does better than Amd while in others Amd beats Intel so there really is no best. One thing that it comes down to is the price, how much money are you willing to shell out. If money is not a concern then Intel is the way to go as its on the more expensive side but it also out performs Amd most of the time. On the other hand if you need a computer and are on a tight budget Amd is for sure the way to go as the price to performance is excellent. Alright now that you have an idea of the two Cpu’s we are going to get down into the cores. In this modern time there really is no use in talking about the single cores as today standards have moved up to dual cores. Therefore we will talk about dual cores, quad cores and maybe six core cpu’s. Im not going to get down and dirty into all the information about what cores are and the technical stuff as there are plenty of websites that discuss this already. To start dual cores as it sounds have two cores instead of one, the 2 cores help by processing data faster. So what do you need a dual core for well the dual core is a standard for todays PC’s. They are used for basic use and also work faster for applications that make use of multi cores which pretty much every application does make use of dual cores. Another thing is a dual core with high Ghz say a Amd dual core 3.1ghz is better for gaming then a Amd quad 2.4ghz as the games require the faster ghz speed and also make use of dual cores to use both cores. That does not mean that quad cores are not good for gaming as today many games do use multi core rendering and are able to use the 4 cores. More and more programs and games are coming out to use all of the quad cores in order to achieve better performance. You might ask what do I need a quad core for? Well Quad cores are good for multi tasking, such as running alot of programs at once or video editing even playing a game while burning a cd. For uses like that a Quad core is the way to go, not only that but many Quad cores now come with high Ghz which are great for gaming plus more. If anything go for a Quad core as they are great all around Cpu’s and are pretty much future proof. Lastly the six core, i will not get much into this as i dont know much about them but Amd has created a six core Cpu which runs at 2.8ghz standard and a black edition that runs at 3.3ghz which is amazing. As for Intel I dont believe they have created a six core yet because there is no need for them as the Intel quad cores still beat the six cores in most applications, probably because not many programs are designed for six core cpu’s. This concludes our Cpu discussion as mentioned above a Quad core is the best way to go if you can not afford one dont worry as a dual core will do just fine for most users. Excited to learn more well stay put as the next post is about graphic cards.

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